Our family has been in the plywood making business since the 1950’s in the Cumberland Mountain Plateau of Eastern Kentucky. Cumberland Mountain Plateau is part of the Appalachian Plateau home of Appalachian Hardwoods in the USA, some of the finest hardwoods in our country.
We can custom create the desired thickness of the plies and choose the makeup of our flooring because we actually cut our own veneer. Where most manufacturers may put an extremely thin face layer on their flooring which cannot be refinished, we start with 0.10” thick veneers and make our flooring from 5 layers of HARDWOOD VENEER. We typically will use the chosen species on the face, the center, and back plies. With this construction we can select the most desirable pieces for the faces, while utilizing the remaining pieces in the inner core. We typically also use other US hardwood species such as Yellow Poplar or Tulip Poplar (Liriodendron Tulipfera) as our preferred Crossband plies.
We cut veneer on a Rotary Veneer Lathe which allows us to make Veneer of whatever thickness you desire, usually less than 3/16 inches thick. For Flooring we use approximately 1/10 inch thickness, therefore 5 plies makes 1/2 inch thickness overall. This allows a heavy face which can be sanded and refinished multiple times. We currently make unfinished flooring which is fully machined with tongue and groove and machined with microgroove edges and 180grit sanded faces ready for finishing.
Standard plywood construction, alternating direction of grain of the veneer layers gives more strength and stability over similar solids.
Grain Direction of veneer used in making standard plywood construction. Alternating direction in each face yields a stronger construction than solid one piece boards, also it should wrap less and expand and contract less than smiliar sized solid pieces of wood. Most of the expansion and contraction of solid boards occurs in the width of the wood in the presence of moisture. Also, the grain in the piles gives better strength over some substrates such as fiberboard or particleboard.